Montana small grain highlights, September

All wheat production in Montana, estimated at 127.43 million bushels, is down 40 percent from 2016, according to the Sept. 1 Agricultural Survey conducted by the Mountain Regional Field Office of the National Agricultural Statistics Service, USDA. All wheat yield was 27.3 bushels per acre, down 15.1 bushels per acre from a year ago.

Winter wheat producers seeded 1.75 million acres in the fall of 2016 for harvest in 2017, down from 2.25 million acres seeded for the previous year’s crop. Acreage harvested for grain decreased 560,000 acres from last year to 1.59 million acres in 2017. Winter wheat production is estimated at 66.78 million bushels, down 37 percent from last year. Winter wheat yield, at 42.0 bushels per acre, is down 7.0 bushels per acre from last year.

Spring wheat seedings, at 2.50 million acres, are up 400,000 acres from last year. Area harvested totaled 2.29 million acres, up from 2.06 million acres harvested last year. Spring wheat production is estimated at 48.09 million bushels, down 35 percent from last year.

Spring wheat yield, at 21.0 bushels per acre, is down 15.0 bushels per acre from last year, and is the lowest yield since 20.5 bushels per acre in 1979.

Durum wheat seedings, at 890,000 acres, are up 110,000 acres from last year. Area harvested totaled 785,000 acres, up from 765,000 acres harvested last year. Durum wheat production is estimated at 12.56 million bushels, down 60 percent from last year. Durum wheat yield, at 16.0 bushels per acre, is down 25.0 bushels per acre from last year, and is the lowest yield since 15.0 bushels per acre in 1957.

Oat seedings in Montana totaled 70,000 acres, up 10,000 acres from last year. Producers harvested 18,000 acres for grain or seed, down 10,000 acres from 2016. Oat production totaled 846,000 bushels in 2017, down 36 percent from last year. Oat yield is 47.0 bushels per acre in 2017, unchanged from the previous year.

Montana’s barley seeded area, at 770,000 acres, is down 220,000 acres from last year. Harvested area, at 565,000 acres, is down 215,000 acres from 2016. Barley yield, at 51.0 bushels per acre, is down 9.0 bushels per acre from last year. Barley production in 2017 is estimated at 28.82 million bushels, down 38 percent from the previous year.

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